Located at the Department of
Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations


The Saint Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute (SEERI) Collection

The SEERI Collection of  Syriac, Malayalam, and Pahlavi inscriptions consists of epigraphic texts from Kerala, India. These inscriptions date from c. 9th/10th - 20th century A.D. 

The collection comprises of current digital photographs.



On the Images

The CCED offers two sets of images for each inscription: the first, an untouched digital reproduction of the original photographic record; the second, an enhanced or modified reproduction with angles straightened and contrast sharpened.

A letter-samples option is also offered where select letters are isolated for further study.


View the Collection

Textual Conventions

[…] Small portion of uncertain length missing

[… …] Long portion of uncertain length missing

{ } Enclosed portion partially missing from the original

! Unusual word in the original 

? Questionable word in the original

√ Root of a word

xxxx/____ Illegible small portion in the original

xxxxxx/______Illegible long portion in the original

< > Enclosed portion is a correction of the original

////////////// Effaced word or words in the original